Aluminum is a popular metal due to a variety of attractive features that make it suitable for a range of applications. In addition to an unbeatable strength-to-weight ratio when compared to other metals (Aluminum weighs approximately 1/3 the weight of iron, steel, copper or brass), aluminum is also corrosion resistant and non-combustible. The reflective nature make aluminum a good choice for lighting fixtures.
In addition aluminum is non-toxic so it is often used in making food processing equipment. It is virtually maintenance-free and it's ability to conduct electricity is similar to copper.
Applications where aluminum is often used include transportation, equipment manufacturing, electrical, construction, and machinery manufacturing.
Aluminum sheet with an outstanding strength-to-weight ratio and natural corrosion resistance, aluminum sheet metal is popular for a broad range of applications. Aluminum sheet and plate are used in everything from aerospace and aircraft manufacturing to beverage packaging, cryogenic storage applications to siding, gutters, and roofing for homes.
Aluminum in its various forms is stocked in a range of strengths varying from that of Specification 1100-0 (which has a yield strength of around 5000 lbs. per square inch) to that of Specification 7075-T6 (yield strength of about 70,000 lbs. per square inch).
Here are a few typical applications within the range of these specifications –
Utility Sheet, is used for all general sheet metal work such as flashings, ductwork, lining walls, etc.
1100-0 is used primarily for spinning and deep drawing operations such as utensils, ornaments, etc.
1100-H14 and 3003-H14 are specification alloys used for general forming operations.
5005-H14 similar in physical characteristics to 3003-H14 with superior corrosion resistance and a homogenous smooth surface finish suitable for anodizing. This alloy is suitable for curtain walls, decorative trim, control panel boxes and signs, etc.
5052-H32 and H34 is a superior strength alloy of good forming qualities and is especially suited for Marine applications.
5083-H321 and H323 is one alloy of different tempers that produces high weld joint efficiencies. It is used for tank work, heavy transport, etc., where its welded properties can be used to advantage
5454-H32 is a sister alloy to 5083 with a lower rating to stress corrosion when functioning in the 150°F to 300°F range. Typical uses are truck dump bodies, tanker trucks, exhaust stacks, chemical handling tanks on vessels, etc.
6061-T6 is an excellent all purpose alloy, having high strength and good corrosion resistance. It is used for all structural applications such as mine cars, logging chutes, and ship construction.
Painted Aluminum: 1100, 3003, 3105, 5005 and 5052 are just some of common alloys available in painted product. Painted aluminum is produced in a broad range of mechanical properties and the spectrum of finishes includes high durability exterior coatings, specialized epoxies, polyesters, textured polyesters, fluorocarbons and metallics as well as wash coat primers. Standard colours can be selected from or custom colour matching can be done to specification. Most coatings are available on one and two sides.